Observing the universe including learning about space is so fun and important as well. NASA and other space agencies have conducted a number of space missions to explore what the solar system is like. Here are some facts about space missions that will blow your mind without no doubt.
When Was The First Space Mission?
Space exploration has started for hundreds years. In pre-20th century, there were some events leading to space exploration. It started in 1610 when Galileo Galilei on behalf of the Republic of Venice did the first telescopic observation of the night sky. The observation resulted in the discovery of Jupiter’s satellites, the phases of Venus, and moon’s craters.
The First Persons On The Moon
The United Stated had tried to put humans in space and it became a reality when in 1969, Apollo 11’s mission that land people on the moon was successful. It started when in 1961, John F. Kennedy, the US president at that time wanted to put people on the moon. His wish came true when on July 16, 1969, the spacecraft Apollo 11 blasted off.
The astronauts on Apollo 11 were Neil Armstrong, Edwin Aldrin, and Michael Collins who can reach the Eagle, the Lunar Module of the moon in four days. Neil Armstrong stepped on the moon first, followed by Aldrin. They walked around the moon for three hours while doing a number of experiments. They also picked up some rocks and dirt of the moon.
Meanwhile, Collins stayed in orbit around the moon, taking pictures and doing experiments. Armstrong and Aldrin joined Collins returning the orbit then the three astronauts came back to Earth on July 24 safely.
The First Space Station
America has Skylab as its first space station but it was bot the first space station. The first built one was Salyut. It’s the first experimental space orbited by the Soviet Union on April 19, 1971. It serves as crewed research laboratory in space.
The First Woman To Spacewalk
Space mission is often associated to male astronauts. In fact, there have been some women involved in space exploration. The first female astronaut that walked on space was Svetlana Savitskaya. It was on July 25, 1984 when she conducted EVA outside the Salyut 7 space station. The exploration lasted for 3 hours and a half. She was not alone but accompanied by her colleague, Vladimir Dzhanibekow. They cut and welded metals in space during the exploration.
Astronauts That Died On Space
For astronauts, being successful in exploring the great unknown is a special pride. Although they know that it can be dangerous, they keep willing to do that. Over the past fifty years, there have been some spaceflight-related tragedies. There have been around 30 astronauts and cosmonauts died while attempting space missions.
However, they didn’t really die in space but either in Earth’s atmosphere or on the ground. In other words, the accidents happened below the accepted boundary of space. So far, there have been only 3 astronauts died in space out of 550 people who have ventured in to space. These 3 astronauts were Vladislav Volkov, Georgi Dobrovolski, and Viktor Patsayev.
It has been 60 years since the first time NASA successfully sent the Apollo 11 to the moon. Now NASA is planning for an ambitious new epoch of sustainable human space travel and discovery. NASA now is building rockets and space crafts for further exploration involving human to aid deep surface exploration that leads to a gateway to Mars.
The facts about space missions above remind us that the space is infinite and we are only a small fraction of it. The more we study about the space, the better we can understand our planet including the future climatic trend and the behavior of its atmosphere.